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Leann LesperanceLeann Lesperance

Assistant Professor, Department of Bioengineering

Research interests: healthcare quality; diabetes
607-777-5488

llespera@binghamton.edu

 

 

 

Research Focus

My research focus is on understanding the behavior of living systems as complex systems, that is, systems which grow, develop, repair themselves, adapt to their environment and learn. These characteristic properties are not designed into living systems; rather, they emerge from the system as a result of non-linear interactions among the discrete, self-organizing components that make up the system. This approach is useful in the study of systems at all levels, from cells to organisms to populations, and even organizations.

In the human body, complex interconnections exist between the various organ systems. For example, the neuro-musculo-skeletal system interacts with and influences the cardiovascular, endocrine and other systems throughout the body. Recently, micromechanical stimulation of the plantar surface of the foot has been shown to have a profound effect on lower limb skeletal muscle activity, and in turn, on various other body systems. One of my main research interests is determining the extent to which neuro-muscular stimulation can help to regulate whole-body glucose levels and thus help to treat and/or prevent type 2 diabetes.

Similarly, complex systems theory can be used to study organizational behavioral and to guide organizational change. Another research focus is to apply complex systems engineering to understand and improve health care, by reducing medical errors, increasing access to care and improving the overall quality of care.

Education

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Last Updated: 12/22/11