New advances in smart grid technologies have created not only new applications but also new research opportunities. In traditional power grids, there is only one-way flow of electricity. Electricity is generated in power plants, transmitted and distributed through power lines, and finally reaches industrial and residential customers. In the case of smart grids, there are two-way flows of both electricity and information. The additional information collected can be used to better balance demand and supply to improve reliability, economics, and sustainability of the power grids.
We have conducted research from both the demand side and the supply side. The work on the demand side is to study the feasibility and potential benefits of innovative implementation of electricity demand response for manufacturing systems, and the work on the supply side is related to renewable energy and electric vehicle integration in the grid as well as reliability optimization in the presence of uncertainty. The findings provide critical insights into how an improved understanding of demand response and reliability optimization can lead to energy-efficient, cost-effective, and environment-friendly grids.