Power of Story References

1. Bybee R (1993) An instructional model for science education, Developing Biological Literacy. Colorado Springs: Biological Science Curriculum Study.

2. Pearsall NR, Skipper JJ, Mintzes JJ (1997) Knowledge restructuring in the life sciences: a longitudinal study of conceptual change in biology. Science Education 81:193-215; Novak JD (2002) Meaningful learning: the essential factor for conceptual change in limited or inappropriate propositional hierarchies leading to empowerment of learners. Science Education 86:548-571

3. Software for concept mapping available online:

Inspiration Software - $70 – can build map by constructing an outline or vice versa which is especially helpful if students need to convert visual to an essay or vice versa, provides many useful templates such as "problem-solving", plus other nice features http://www.inspiration.com/home.cfm and/or,

CMP at Institute for Human Machine Cognition at University of West Florida - free for nonprofit use – basic mapping http://cmap.coginst.uwf.edu

4. There are several ways to do "pair-and-share". In basic "pair-and-share", students pair and work on a question together for 1-2 minutes, with the understanding that one of them may have to report subsequently to "the group as a whole". In the first or training stage, which may benefit by several trials, students individually write their answer, then pair and share. Other versions can provide variety and add to skill development; for example: "power of two" (students write answer individually, pair and share, then create a new answer that improves on their individual answers) and "explainer-listener" (students read same article or answer same question individually, then pair with one person explaining and other can only ask questions for clarification or to obtain correct answer).

5. Niemela P, Mattson WJ (1996) Invasion of North American forests by European phytophagous insects. BioScience 46:741-753 ["European biota may be much better competitors, especially under disturbance and fragmented conditions, than their North American counterparts."]

6. Terborgh J (1992) Why American songbirds are vanishing. Scientific American (May) p. 98-104. [Engaging article that considers various hypotheses, summarizes data, and indicates complexities clearly. Reports since 1992 for USA (and Europe) indicate continuing decline.]

7. There are many versions of group quizzes. The most common version is that students first take the quiz individually then work on it in a team. The student's grade is a combination of the individual grade and the team grade. The advantages are that students have to articulate their knowledge and ideas to others and they have to cooperate (prepare properly and participate in discussion ) to maximize their own and the group's success.

8. Hendrix PF, Bohlen PJ (2002) Exotic earthworm invasions in North America: Ecological and policy implications. BioScience 52:801-811; Bohlen PJ, Groffman PM, Fahey TJ, Fisk MC, Suarez E, Pelletier DM, Fahey RT (2004) Ecosystem consequences of exotic earthworm invasion of north temperate forests. Ecosystems 7:1-12 [Summary of a set of research papers in that volume. Too early to have a clear picture of what the outcome of earthworm invasion will be, but large effects are quite likely.]

9. http://www.nrri.umn.edu/worms http://www.botany.wisc.edu/waller/homogenized/SW_SCB03.ppt

10. Wilson EO (2002) The power of story. American Educator 28 (spring):8-11

11. Odum EP (1992) Great ideas in ecology for the 1990s. BioScience 42:542-545

12. Sinclair ARE (2003) Mammal population regulation, keystone processes and ecosystem dynamics. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B 358:1729-1740

Eastern deciduous forest: Lyme disease, masting, and gypsy moths
Eastern deciduous forest: Mutualisms and nutrient cycling
Outlines for Eastern deciduous forest material
References for Power of Story examples
Sample concept maps


Introduction | Self Test | Ecological Misconceptions | 5 E Method of Instruction
Our Research | Power of Story | Resources | Acknowledgements | Contact Us | Home

Last Updated: 1/28/15