SCIENTIFIC NAME COMMON NAME GROWTH PATTERNS ENVIRONMENTAL TOLERANCES AESTHETICS COMMENTS

Abies concolor

White Fir

Height- 50' -75'

Width- 20' -30'

Form- Pyramidal in shape, holding a dense, formal shape well.

Rate- Slow to medium

Hardiness Zone- 3-8

Soil Moisture- 4-9

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Some tolerance

PH- = 7.0

Flower- No ornamental significance

Fruit- Brown cylindrical cones, upper 3rd of tree only.

Foliage- Bluish upward pointing needles.

Bark- Whitish gray smooth except for resin blisters

Disease/Insect- None serious or limiting

Suggested usage- Lawns and parks

Other- Deer may damage young trees.

Acer buergerianum

Trident Maple

Height- 20'-25'

Width- 20'-25'

Form- Rounded, Low branching

Rate- Slow

Hardiness Zone- 6

Soil Moisture- 4-10

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Some tolerance

PH- = 7.5

Flower- No ornamental Significance

Fruit- No ornamental Significance

Foliage- Lobed, duck foot shape

Fall Color- Yellow/orange/red

Bark- Gray, brown, Exfoliates in scaly patches

Disease/Insect- None serious or limiting

Suggested usage- Narrow or wide street tree, Lawns and parks

Other- Fairly tolerant of urban stresses

Acer campestre

Hedge Maple

Height- 25'-35'

Width- 20'-25'

Form- Rounded, low branching

Rate- Slow

Hardiness Zone- 5b

Soil Moisture- 4-12

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Some tolerance

PH- = 8.2

Flower- No ornamental significance

Fruit- No ornamental significance

Foliage- 3-5 Lobed

Fall Color- Yellow

Bark- Gray, black, shallow ridges and furrows

Disease/Insect- Relatively pest free

Suggested usage- Narrow or wide street tree, Lawns and park

Other-For narrow uses pruning might be needed

Acer x freemanii

Freeman Maple

Height- 45'-70'

Width- 20'-40'

Form- Columnar to oval

Rate- Medium to fast

Hardiness Zone- 4

Soil Moisture- 3-9

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Unknown

PH- = 7.5

Flower-Yellow, red showy

Fruit- No ornamental significance

Foliage- Lobed

Fall Color-Yellow/orange/red

Bark- Silver, gray

Disease/Insect- Relatively pest free

Suggested usage- Narrow or wide street tree, Lawns and parks

Other- Fairly tolerant of urban stresses

Acer miyabei

Miyabei Maple

Height- 35'-45'

Width- 30'

Form- Oval to round, low branching

Rate- Medium

Hardiness Zone- 5a

Soil Moisture- 4-10

Sun/Shade- Full/tolerates partial shade

Salt- Unknown

PH- = 8.2

Flower- No ornamental significance

Fruit- No ornamental significance

Foliage- Lobed

Fall Color- Yellow

Bark- Dark gray, rough, corky

Disease/Insect- Relatively pest free

Suggested usage- Narrow or wide street tree, Lawns and parks

Other-Heat tolerant

Acer pseudoplatanus

Sycamore Maple

Height- 40'-60'

Width- 30'-50'

Form- Oval to rounded crown

Rate- Medium

Hardiness Zone- 5b

Soil Moisture- 3-10

Sun/Shade- Full/ tolerates partial shade

Salt- Tolerates soil and airborne salt

PH- = 8.2

Flower- No ornamental significance

Fruit- No ornamental significance

Foliage- 5 Lobed, 2 small basal, leathery, toothed

Fall Color- Dull brown

Bark- Gray, reddish Brown, flaky

Disease/Insect- None serious or limiting

Suggested usage- Narrow or wide street tree, Lawns and parks

Acer rubrum

Red Maple

Height- 35'-60'

Width- 30'-70'

Form- Pyramidal at youth, variable with age

Rate- Medium to fast

Hardiness Zone- 3b

Soil Moisture- 3-8

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Sensitive

PH- = 7.0

Flower- Red, orange Showy

Fruit- Red

Foliage- 3-5 Lobed

Fall Color- Yellow/scarlet often showy

Bark- Gray, brown, silver scaly

Disease/Insect- Verticillium wilt and leaf hoppers

Suggested usage- Narrow or wide street tree, Lawns and parks

Other-Plant very intolerant of wounding, such as lawnmowers. Requires acid to neutral soils.

Acer saccharum

Sugar Maple

Height- 60'-75'

Width- 55'-70'

Form- Oval to round

Rate- Slow to medium

Hardiness Zone- 3b

Soil Moisture- 4-9

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Sensitive

PH- = 7.5

Flower- No ornamental significance

Fruit- No ornamental significance

Foliage- 5 lobed, 2 small basal

Fall Color- Yellow/orange/red showy

Bark- Gray, brown ,plates

Disease/Insect- Verticillium wilt, leaf hoppers and leaf scorch

Suggested usage- Not suggested as a street tree, Lawns and parks

Other-Intolerant of fill. Intolerant of increased light and restricted root space. Drought prone and not overly tolerant to urban stresses

Acer tartaricump>

Tartarian Maple

Height- 15'-25'

Width- 15'-25'

Form- Round irregular, shrub like

Rate- Slow to medium

Hardiness Zone- 3

Soil Moisture- 4-11

Sun/Shade- Full/ Tolerates partial shade

Salt- Tolerance

PH- = 8.2

Flower- Green, White

Fruit-† No ornamental significance

Foliage- 3 Lobed, center lobe much longer

Fall Color- Yellow/red

Bark- Gray

Disease/Insect- Verticillium wild and cankers

Suggested usage- Narrow or wide street tree, Lawns and parks

Other- Pruning may be needed in narrow plantings, may naturalize and seed litter may be a problem.

Acer truncatum

Painted Maple

Height- 25'-35'

Width- 25'

Form- Rounded, low branching

Rate- Slow

Hardiness Zone- 5a

Soil Moisture- 4-11

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Unknown

PH- = 8.2

Flower- Green/yellow

Fruit-† No ornamental significance

Foliage- Lobed emerging purple/red then green

Fall Color- Yellow/orange/red

Bark- Gray, brown, rough and fissured

Disease/Insect- None serious or limiting

Suggested usage- Narrow or wide street tree, Lawns and parks

Other- Pruning may be needed in narrow plantings

Aesculus hippocastanum

Horsechestnut

Height- 50'-70'

Width- 30'-70'

Form- Dense, oval to round

Rate- Medium

Hardiness Zone- 4

Soil Moisture- 4-8

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Unknown

PH- = 8.2

Flower- Yellow, red very showy

Fruit- 2î nut

Foliage- Pinnately Compound

Fall Color- Yellow/brown

Bark- Gray, Brown

Disease/Insect- Leaf scorch, leaf blotch and fungal disease problems.

Suggested usage- Lawns and parks

Other- Fruit and leaves could pose as a litter problem. Casts dense shade.

Aesculus x carnea

Red Horsechesnut

Height- 35'-50'

Width- 30'

Form- Dense, oval to round

Rate- Slow

Hardiness Zone- 5a

Soil Moisture- 4-8

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Unknown

PH- = 8.2

Flower- Yellow, Green

Fruit- No ornamental significance

Foliage- Pinnately compound

Fall Color- Pale yellow

Bark- Gray, brown slightly ridged

Disease/Insect- Leaf scorch, leaf blotch and fungal disease problems.

Suggested usage- Narrow or wide street tree, Lawns and parks

Other- Fruit could pose as a litter problem

Alnus glutinosa

European Alder

Height- 40'-60'

Width- 20'-40'

Form- Narrow, pyramidal, or columnar

Rate- Fast

Hardiness Zone- 4a

Soil Moisture- 2-8

Sun/Shade- Full/ tolerates partial shade

Salt- Some tolerance

PH- = 8.2

Flower- No ornamental significance

Fruit-† No ornamental significance

Foliage- Round, simple

Fall Color- No ornamental significance

Bark- Gray, brown

Disease/Insect- Numerous diseases and insects can be problematic.

Suggested usage- Narrow or wide street tree, Lawns and parks

Other- Good for reclamation sites because fixes nitrogen.

Amelanchier arborea

Downy Serviceberry

Height- 20'-30'

Width- 15'-25'

Form- Oval, single/multi stem

Rate- Medium

Hardiness Zone- 3b

Soil Moisture- 4-7

Sun/Shade- Full/ tolerates partial shade

Salt- Sensitive

PH- = 7.5

Flower- White, showy, short lived

Fruit- Red, attractive to birds

Foliage- Elliptical, alternate

Fall Color- Yellow/orange/red

Bark- Gray smooth, vertical fishers, very ornamental

Disease/Insect- None serious or limiting except when stressed.

Suggested usage- Narrow or wide street tree, Lawns and parks

Other-Plant adapts to high light and urban situations including low oxygen. Adapts to restricted root space. Versatile

Betula nigra

River Birch

Height- 40'-50'

Width- 30'-40'

Form- Broad pyramidal, single/multi stem

Rate- Medium to fast

Hardiness Zone- 4b

Soil Moisture- 2-8

Sun/Shade- Full/ tolerates partial shade

Salt- Unknown

PH- = 7.0

Flower- No ornamental significance

Fruit- No ornamental significance

Foliage- Diamond shape wedge based,

Fall Color-Yellow

Bark- Flashy, shiny orange to brown

Disease/Insect- Leaf spot and bronze birch borer

Suggested usage- Lawns and parks. Often multiple stems so wide areas are beneficial.

Other-An acid soil requiring plant. Plant is quite tolerant of urban stress. Some fill will be tolerated. Plant will tolerate urban conditions.

Betula papyrifera

Paper Birch

Height- 50'-70'

Width- 30'-50'

Form- Round to oval, irregular, low branching

Rate- Fast

Hardiness Zone- 2

Soil Moisture- 4-10

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Sensitive

PH- = 7.5

Flower- No ornamental significance

Fruit- No ornamental significance

Foliage-Ovate with pointed tip,

Fall Color- Bright yellow

Bark- White, peeling

Disease/Insect- Bronze birch borer

Suggested usage- Lawns and parks

Other-. This plant will not tolerate increased heat and light especially in the root zone. Mulching is advisable. Out of its natural range, it is intolerant of construction activity.

Betula populifolia

Gray Birch

Height- 40'

Width- 25'

Form- Pyramidal to oval, single/multi stem

Rate- Medium

Hardiness Zone- 4a

Soil Moisture- 4-8

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Unknown

PH- = 7.5

Flower- No ornamental significance

Fruit- No ornamental significance

Foliage- Ovate to triangular

Fall Color- Showy yellow

Bark- White with black patches, doesn't peel easily

Disease/Insect- Bronze birch borer

Suggested usage- Lawns and parks. Often multiple stems so wide areas are beneficial.

Other-An acid soil requiring tree. Will tolerate sterile soils. Urban or construction stresses will exacerbate this problem.

Carpinus betulus

European Hornbeam

Height- 40'-60'

Width- 30'-40'

Form- Oval to rounded, low branching

Rate-Slow to medium

Hardiness Zone- 4

Soil Moisture- 4-9

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Sensitive

PH- = 8.2

Flower- No ornamental significance

Fruit- No ornamental significance

Foliage- Oblong ovate with round base and pointed tip, heavily textured

Fall Color- Not significant

Bark- Steal gray, smooth, showy

Disease/Insect- None serious or limiting

Suggested usage- Wide street tree, Lawns and parks

Other- Wide plantings are recommended due to low branching.

Carya cordiformis

Bitternut Hickory

Height- 50'-70'

Width- 25'-35'

Form- Cylindrical, irregular crown

Rate- Medium

Hardiness Zone- 4

Soil Moisture- 4-9

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Unknown

PH- = 8.2

Flower- No ornamental significance

Fruit- Small nut

Foliage-Pinnately compounded

Fall Color- Showy yellow/gold

Bark- Gray, brown, shallow ridges

Disease/Insect- Relatively pest free

Suggested usage- Wide street tree, Lawns and parks

Other- Wide plantings are recommended due to deep tap root. Branching pattern generally better than pecan, however if the plant has co-dominant leaders they can be structurally unstable. Plant will tolerate some fill. Fruit may also pose a litter problem.

Carya glabra

Pignut Hickory

Height- 50'-60'

Width- 25'-35'

Form- Cylindrical, narrow shape

Rate- Medium

Hardiness Zone- 4

Soil Moisture- 4-9

Sun/Shade- Full/tolerates partial shade

Salt- Unknown

PH- = 8.2

Flower-No ornamental significance

Fruit- Small nut

Foliage- Pinnately compound

Fall Color- Yellow/gold

Bark- Gray, brown, shallow ridges

Disease/Insect- Relatively pest free

Suggested usage- Wide street tree, Lawns and parks

Other-Plant generally has a structurally stable branching pattern. Plants tolerant of some fill. Plant is wind firm. Fruit may pose a litter problem.

Carya ovata

Shagbark Hickory

Height- 60'-80'

Width- 40'-60'

Form- Cylindrical, ascending/ descending branches

Rate- Medium

Hardiness Zone- 4

Soil Moisture- 4-9

Sun/Shade- Full/tolerates partial shade

Salt- Unknown

PH- = 8.2

Flower- No ornamental significance

Fruit- Edible nut

Foliage- Pinnately compound

Fall Color- Yellow/gold

Bark- Shaggy long plates attached in the middle

Disease/Insect- Relatively pest free

Suggested usage- Wide street tree, Lawns and parks

Other-Plant will tolerate some fill. Plant normally has excellent branch structure. Growth rates and wound closure rates are slow. Plant is wind firm. Fruit may pose a litter problem.

Catalpa speciosa

Northern Catalpa

Height-50'-60' (100+)

Width- 20'-40'

Form- Narrow, open, irregular oval

Rate- Medium to fast

Hardiness Zone- 4a

Soil Moisture- 2-10

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Unknown

PH- = 8.2

Flower- White bell shaped (attractive)

Fruit- Long beans(8î-20î+)

Foliage- Large heart shape Kelly green

Fall Color- Yellow

Bark- Gray, brown, ridges and furrows

Disease/Insect- None serious or limiting

Suggested usage- Narrow or wide street tree, Lawns and parks

Other-Tree adapts easily to urban conditions. Tree tolerant of wounding. Wood very resistant to decay. Tolerates disturbance.

Celtis occidentalis

Hackberry

Height- 40'-60'

Width- 40'+

Form- Irregular rounded Elm like branching

Rate- Medium

Hardiness Zone- 3a

Soil Moisture- 3-11

Sun/Shade- Full/ tolerates partial shade

Salt- Unknown

PH- = 8.2

Flower- No ornamental significance

Fruit- No ornamental significance

Foliage- Oblique base, serrated leaf margin

Fall Color- Dull yellow

Bark- Grey with lenticels, corky ridges

Disease/Insect- Various problems , witches broom

Suggested usage- Narrow or wide street tree, Lawns and parks

Other-Tolerant of urban conditions and restricted root space. Tolerant of alkaline soils. Tolerant of urban sites and stresses. Tolerates some fill.

Cercidiphyllum japonicum

Katsura Tree

Height- 40'-60'

Width- 25'-60'

Form- Rounding with age, single/multi stem

Rate- Medium to fast

Hardiness Zone- 5a

Soil Moisture- 3-6

Sun/Shade- Full/ tolerates partial shade

Salt- Unknown

PH- = 8.2

Flower- No ornamental significance

Fruit- No ornamental significance

Foliage- Heart shaped like Red Bud

Fall Color- Yellow/apricot, outstanding

Bark- Brown, shaggy, peeling

Disease/Insect- Relatively pest free

Suggested usage- Lawns and parks

Other- Wide plantings are recommended due to tree size and drought sensitivity.

Cercis canadensis

Redbud

Height- 20'-30'

Width- 25'-35'

Form- Open spreading flat top, low branching

Rate- Medium

Hardiness Zone- 5a

Soil Moisture- 4-10

Sun/Shade- Partial shade

Salt- Some tolerance

PH- = 8.2

Flower- Pink/purple, small,

Fruit- Numerous pods

Foliage- Wide heart shape, zigzag growth pattern

Fall Color- Yellow

Bark- Red, brown scaly with orange

Disease/Insect- Cankers sometimes

Suggested usage- Lawns and parks

Other- Pruning may be needed in narrow plantings. Plant adapts to calcareous soils. Plant will not adapt to high or reflected light as a single plant.

Cladrastis kentukea

Yellow Wood

Height- 30'-50'

Width- 40'-55'

Form- Broadly rounded, arching, low branching, single/multi stem

Rate- Medium to fast

Hardiness Zone- 4b

Soil Moisture- 4-7

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Unknown

PH- = 8.2

Flower-Pods

Fruit- Fragrant white pea like(Wisteria)

Foliage- Ovate, elliptical , Pinnately compound

Fall Color-Yellow/gold/orange

Bark- Smooth green, yellow heart wood

Disease/Insect- Relatively pest free

Suggested usage- Lawns and parks

Other- Pruning may be needed in narrow plantings.

Corylus americana

American Hazelnut

Height- 8'-15'

Width- 10'-20'

Form- Multi stemmed, shrub- like,

Rate- Fast

Hardiness Zone- 4-10

Soil Moisture- 4-10

Sun/Shade- Full/tolerates partial shade

Salt- Unknown

PH- = 7.5

Flower- Male catkins, yellow-brown showy.

Fruit- nut enclosed in involucres matures in September, edible.

Foliage- Heart shaped leaf base.

Fall Color- Copper, red

Bark- Brown

Disease/Insect- Blight, leaf spot and caterpillars.

Suggested usage- Lawns and parks

Other- Good for difficult sites.

Cornus florida

Flowering Dogwood

Height- 30'

Width- 30'

Form- Round, flat top, low almost horizontal branching

Rate- Medium

Hardiness Zone- 4

Soil Moisture- 3-10

Sun/Shade- Full/tolerates full shade

Salt- Sensitive

PH- = 7.5

Flower- Small with large white bracts, showy

Fruit- Bright, shiny red attractive to birds

Foliage- Simple ovate leaf

Fall Color- Red/purple holds long

Bark- Grey, brown scaly square blocks

Disease/Insect- Due to over use disease and insect problems have become prevalent.

Suggested usage- Lawns and parks

Other-Forest understory plants do not adapt readily to removing the tree canopy from above them. Intolerant of disturbance.

Cornus mas

Corneliancherry Dogwood

Height- 20'

Width- 20'

Form- Round to oval, multi stem

Rate- Slow to medium

Hardiness Zone- 5a

Soil Moisture- 4-9

Sun/Shade- Full/ tolerates partial shade

Salt- Some tolerance

PH- = 8.2

Flower- Small yellow clusters

Fruit- Round olive

Foliage- Glossy, simple opposite

Fall Color- Typically not showy

Bark- Scaly gray, brown, exfoliating

Disease/Insect- Relatively pest free

Suggested usage- Narrow or wide street tree, Lawns and parks

Other- Pruning may be needed in narrow plantings

Corylus colurna

Turkish Filbert

Height- 40'-60'

Width- 20'-40'

Form- Broadly pyramidal, conical

Rate- Medium

Hardiness Zone- 5a

Soil Moisture- 4-8

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Unknown

PH- = 8.2

Flower- No ornamental significance

Fruit- Edible nut

Foliage- Simple, obovate, cordate base

Fall Color- Yellow/purple/red

Bark- Brown, flaky

Disease/Insect- Easter Filbert blight

Suggested usage- Lawns and parks

Cotinus obovatus

American Smoketree

Height- 20'-30'

Width- 15'-30'

Form- Oval to round, multi stem, shrub like

Rate- Medium

Hardiness Zone- 5a

Soil Moisture- 4-10

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Unknown

PH- = 8.2

Flower- Green/white

Fruit- No ornamental significance

Foliage-Obovate, blue-green

Fall Color- Yellow/orange/red/purple

Bark- Gray, brown flaky

Disease/Insect- None serious or limiting

Suggested usage- Narrow or wide street tree, Lawns and parks

Other- Pruning may be needed in narrow plantings.

Crataegus crus-galli var. inermis

Thornless Cockspur Hawthorn

Height- 20'-25'

Width- 15'-30'

Form- Round, strong horizontal branching

Rate-Slow to medium

Hardiness Zone- 4a

Soil Moisture- 4-11

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Some tolerance

PH- = 8.2

Flower- Small, white

Fruit- Small red pome

Foliage-Obovate, shiny, sharp leaf margins

Fall Color- Bronze, red

Bark- Gray, slender

Disease/Insect-Many disease and insect susceptibilities, fire blight, leaf blight, defoliating diseases and lace bug

Suggested usage- Narrow or wide street tree, Lawns and parks

Crataegus phaenopyrum

Washington Hawthorn

Height- 20'-30'

Width- 20'-25'

Form- Round densely branching

Rate- Slow to medium

Hardiness Zone- 4a

Soil Moisture- 4-11

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Some tolerance

PH- = 8.2

Flower- Small, white

Fruit- Small red pome birds find attractive

Foliage- Lobed, subcordate

Fall Color- Orange/red

Bark- Apple like with 1î-3î thorns

Disease/Insect-Many disease and insect susceptibilities, fire blight, leaf blight, defoliating diseases and lace bug

Suggested usage- Narrow or wide street tree, Lawns and parks

Other- Thorns may be a problem.

Crataegus punctata var. inermis 'Ohio Pioneer'

Ohio Pioneer Dotted Hawthorn

Height- 20'-25'

Width- 30'-35'

Form- Round densely branching

Rate- Medium to fast

Hardiness Zone- 5a

Soil Moisture- 4-11

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Some tolerance

PH- = 8.2

Flower- Large, white

Fruit- Red with white dots

Foliage- Hawthorn type leaf

Fall Color- Purple/red

Bark- Silver, gray

Disease/Insect-Many disease and insect susceptibilities, fire blight, leaf blight, defoliating diseases and lace bug

Suggested usage- Narrow or wide street tree, Lawns and parks

Crataegus viridis 'Winter King'

Winter King Hawthorn

Height- 20'-25'

Width- 25'

Form- Round to vase shape

Rate- Slow to medium

Hardiness Zone- 5a

Soil Moisture- 4-11

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Some tolerance

PH- = 8.2

Flower- White clusters

Fruit- Large, red showy

Foliage- Typical Hawthorn type leaf

Fall Color- Purple/scarlet/gold/bronze

Bark- Sliver, gray exfoliates to reveal orange, brown inner bark

Disease/Insect-Many disease and insect susceptibilities, fire blight, leaf blight, defoliating diseases and lace bug

Suggested usage- Narrow or wide street tree, Lawns and parks

Other- Thorns may be a problem.

Fagus grandifolia

American Beech

Height- 50'-70'

Width- 120'+

Form- Branches often touching ground if not crowded

Rate- Slow

Hardiness Zone- 4

Soil Moisture- 4-9

Sun/Shade- Full/tolerates partial shade

Salt- Unknown

PH- = 7.5

Flower- No ornamental significance

Fruit-Edible three winged nut

Foliage- Simply serrated leaf dark on top light on bottom

Fall Color-Bronze

Bark- Light gray, smooth

Disease/Insect-Relatively pest free, Beech Bark Disease

Suggested usage- Lawns and parks

Other-Wide plantings due to size and low branching. Protect the tree from construction activity under the drip line of the tree. Mulch over the root zone following construction is highly desirable. Tree is sensitive to increased light following removable of surrounding forest and sunscald may occur. Thin bark makes this tree sensitive to wounding. A poor wound response makes this tree vulnerable to decay.

Fraxinus americana

White Ash

Height- 50'-70'

Width- 40'-60'

Form- Oval

Rate- Medium

Hardiness Zone- 4a

Soil Moisture- 3-9

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Some tolerance

PH- = 8.2

Flower- No ornamental significance

Fruit- No ornamental significance

Foliage- Pinnately compound, narrow, ovate

Fall Color- Yellow/purple

Bark- Gray, uniform furrows, diamond pattern

Disease/Insect- Susceptible to many diseases and insects, Ash Yellow is the most serious

Suggested usage- Lawns and parks

Other-Does not adapt to changes in moisture levels. Either excess or reduced moisture will cause problems. Decline occurs over time.

Fraxinus excelsior 'Aureafolia'

European Ash

Height- 60'

Width- 45'

Form- Upright oval to rounded, dense

Rate- Medium

Hardiness Zone- 4b

Soil Moisture- 3-9

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Some tolerance

PH- = 8.2

Flower- No ornamental significance

Fruit- No ornamental significance

Foliage-Pinnately compound, narrow ovate

Fall Color- Yellow

Bark- Gray, brown

Disease/Insect- Susceptible to many diseases and insects, Ash Yellow is the most serious

Suggested usage- Narrow or wide street tree, Lawns and parks

Fraxinus pennsylvanica

Green Ash

Height- 40'-60'

Width- 30'-50'

Form- Irregular oval to rounded

Rate- Fast

Hardiness Zone- 2a

Soil Moisture- 3-9

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Some tolerance

PH- = 8.2

Flower- No ornamental significance

Fruit- No ornamental significance

Foliage-Pinnately compound, narrow ovate

Fall Color- Yellow

Bark- Gray, furrowed

Disease/Insect- Susceptible to many diseases and insects, Resists Ash Yellow

Suggested usage- Narrow or wide street tree, Lawns and park.

Other-May require protection from borers during reestablishment period. Adapts to low oxygen environments. Plant has a good wound response. Tolerates some fill and restricted root zone.

Fraxinus quadrangulata

Blue Ash

Height- 50'-70'

Width- 40'-50'

Form- Narrow, dense, rounded crown

Rate- Medium to fast

Hardiness Zone-† 4

Soil Moisture- 3-10

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Unknown

PH- = 8.2

Flower- No ornamental significance

Fruit- No ornamental significance

Foliage- Pinnately compounded, serrated leaf margins

Fall Color- Yellow

Bark- Gray, old bark platy, inner bark bluish, twigs with corky ridges.

Disease/Insect- Susceptible to many diseases and insects, Ash Yellow is the most serious

Suggested usage- Narrow or wide street tree, Lawns and parks

Other-Plant has good wound response and adapts to an urbanizing situation. Tolerates high soil acidity. Decline occurs over time.

Ginkgo biloba

Ginkgo

Height- 50'-80'

Width- 30'-40'

Form- Pyramidal, open wide branches

Rate- Slow

Hardiness Zone- 4b

Soil Moisture- 4-12

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Some Tolerance

PH- = 8.2

Flower- No ornamental significance

Fruit- Foul smelling, not wanted

Foliage- Unique fan shape

Fall Color- Yellow, showy

Bark- Gray, brown, ridges

Disease/Insect- Relatively pest free

Suggested usage- Narrow or wide street tree, Lawns and parks.

Other-Avoid female trees because fruits emit a noxious odor. Tolerant of urban conditions. Reestablishment period can be protracted. Tolerates restricted root space.

Gleditsia triacanthos

Honey-locust

Height- 40'-80'

Width- 30'-70'

Form- Oval to rounded, open spreading

Rate- Fast

Hardiness Zone- 4b

Soil Moisture- 2-12

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Some Tolerance

PH- = 8.2

Flower- Small, greenish

Fruit- Large pods

Foliage- Pinnately or bipinnately compound, small leaflets

Fall Colors- Clear/yellow

Bark- Gray, brown, long smooth patches, thorns

Disease/Insect- Bag worms, mites, web worms and cankers.

Suggested usage- Narrow or wide street tree, Lawns and parks.

Other-Over used. Plants adapts to high light in urban situations. Plant sensitive to wounding when young, but somewhat resistant as an older plant. Tolerates disturbance. Thorns and pods may pose a problem.

Gymnocladus dioica

Kentucky Coffee-tree

Height- 50'-70'

Width- 40'-50'

Form- oval to vase shape, unique branching

Rate- Medium

Hardiness Zone- 4a

Soil Moisture- 3-12

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Unknown

PH- = 8.2

Flower- Green/white

Fruit- Large pods

Foliage- Bipinnately compound

Fall Color- No ornamental significance

Bark- Grey, brown, ridges and furrows

Disease/Insect-Relatively pest free

Suggested usage- Narrow or wide street tree, Lawns and parks.

Other- Use of male plants eliminates fruit litter. Plants adapts to high light and urban situations. Tough bark is resistant to mechanical injury. Tolerates disturbance.

Ilex opaca

American Holly

Height- 20'-40'

Width- 15'-25'

Form- Pyramidal, low branching

Rate- Medium

Hardiness Zone- 5

Soil Moisture- 4-11

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Unknown

PH- = 7.5

Flower- Small, white

Fruit- Small, red, showy

Foliage- Evergreen, spiny leaves

Fall Color- No ornamental significance

Bark- Smooth grey/brown

Disease/Insect- Leaf spot, winder burn and leaf miners

Suggested usage- Lawns and parks.

Other-Needs a protected site from the wind. Plant adapts readily to urban situations. Tolerates restricted root zone. Tolerates some fill. Bark is thin. Acid soil requiring.

Juglans cinerea

Butternut

Height- 40'- 60'

Width- 30'- 50'

Form- Slow

Rate- Wide spreading crown with upright branches.

Hardiness Zone- 3

Soil Moisture- 3-9

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Unknown

PH- = 7.5

Flower- No ornamental significance

Fruit- Oblong nut, covered with hairs

Foliage- Pinnately compound

Fall Color- Yellow

Bark- Gray with ridges and furrows.

Disease/Insect- Susceptible to cankers

Suggested usage- Lawns and parks

Other- Fruit may pose a litter problem

Juglans nigra

Black Walnut

Height- 50'-70'

Width- 30'-40'

Form- Oval, open crown

Rate- Medium

Hardiness Zone- 4

Soil Moisture- 4-9

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Unknown

PH- = 7.5

Flower- No ornamental significance

Fruit- Edible nut

Foliage- Pinnately compound, 1'-2' serrated leaves

Fall Color- Yellow

Bark- Brown, grey, black, with diamond shaped deep furrows

Disease/Insect-Relatively pest free

Suggested usage- Lawns and parks.

Other- Wide plantings are recommended due to size. Plant requires good soil conditions in order to perform. Under poor conditions, this plant is severely stunted. Tree has a tendency to defoliate in August. Fruit is a serious litter problem. May inhibit growth of other plants in its root zone.

Juniperus virginiana

Eastern Red Cedar

Height- 40'-50'

Width- 8'-15'

Form- Conical, opening with age

Rate- Medium

Hardiness Zone- 3

Soil Moisture- 4-11

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Tolerant

PH- = 8.2

Flower- No ornamental significance

Fruit- Berry like blue cones

Foliage- Needles closely pressed and over lapping

Fall Color- Bronze color during cold months

Bark-Red, brown, shredded strips

Disease/Insect-Bag worm

Suggested usage- Narrow or wide street tree, Lawns and parks.

Other-Pollen may cause allergy problems. Will survive in very low nutrition soils. Tolerates urban conditions. Tolerant of wounding.

Koelreuteria paniculata

Goldenraintree

Height- 30'

Width- 30'

Form- Open, rounded, irregular

Rate- Medium to fast

Hardiness Zone- 5b

Soil Moisture- 4-12

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Some tolerance

PH- = 8.2

Flower- Small yellow with red centers

Fruit- Large inflated paper capsules, showy

Foliage- Pinnately or bipinnately compound, irregular tooth

Fall Color- Yellow or orange but inconsistence

Bark- Light grey, brown, ridges and furrows

Disease/Insect- Relatively pest free

Suggested usage- Narrow or wide street tree, Lawns and parks.

Liquidambar styraciflua

Sweetgum

Height-50'-75'(120+)

Width- 40'-60'

Form- Oval, rounded with age

Rate- Medium to fast

Hardiness Zone- 5

Soil Moisture- 3-9

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Unknown

PH- = 7.5

Flower- No ornamental significance

Fruit- Mace like balls

Foliage- Maple like, star shape

Fall Color- Orange/red/ purple/burgundy, showy

Bark-Grey, brown, ridges and furrows

Disease/Insect-None serious or limiting

Suggested usage- Narrow or wide street tree, Lawns and parks.

Other-Fruit litter may be a slight problem. Plant can adapt to a low oxygen and restricted root space. Plant can adapt to high light situations. Plants can tolerate fill.

Liriodendron tulipifera

Tuliptree

Height- 70'-90'

Width- 150+ Wild

Form- Pyramidal youth, oval with age

Rate- Medium to fast

Hardiness Zone- 5a

Soil Moisture- 3-7

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Sensitive

PH- = 8.2

Flower- Tulip shape, yellow with orange center

Fruit- Tan cone shape

Foliage- Tulip shape leaves

Fall Color- Yellow/gold, showy

Bark- Grey with fine stripes

Disease/Insect-No serious or limiting

Suggested usage- Lawns and parks.

Other-Wide plantings are recommended due to size and drought sensitivity. The tree is sensitive to wounding but tolerant of soil compaction. Plant intolerant of sterile soil conditions.

Maclura pomifera var. inermis

Osage Orange

Height- 30'-50'

Width- 30'-50'

Form- Irregular, round, low branches

Rate- Fast

Hardiness Zone- 5b

Soil Moisture- 2-12

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Some tolerance

PH- = 8.2

Flower-† No ornamental significance

Fruit- Large synocorp of drupes, dried orange look

Foliage- Oblong, pointed tip, subcordate base

Fall Color- No ornamental significance

Bark-Brown, vertical fishers, scaly ridges

Disease/Insect-Relatively pest free

Suggested usage- Lawns and parks.

Other-Male tree does not have fruit litter. Often used as windbreaks. Twigs are thorny

Magnolia acuminata

Cucumber Magnolia

Height- 50' -80'

Width- 50' -80'

Form- Pyramidal in youth and becoming more open with age wide-spreading branches.

Rate- Fast

Hardiness Zone- 4-9

Soil Moisture- 3-9

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Some tolerance

PH- = 8.2

Flower- Greenish white flowers, fragrant.

Fruit- Looks like small cucumber, has red seeds

Foliage- Large ovate yellowish green leaves.

Fall Color- Yellowish bronze.

Bark- Thin grey brown.

Disease/Insect-Relatively pest free

Suggested usage- Lawns and parks.

Other-Thin bark is susceptible to damage from lawn equipment.

Magnolia x soulangiana†

Saucer Magnolia

Height- 30'

Width- 20'-30'

Form- Often multi trunk, irregular round shape

Rate- Medium

Hardiness Zone- 5-9

Soil Moisture- 3-9

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Some tolerance

PH- = 8.2

Flower- White, pink, purple cut shape, showy. Sometimes fragrant.

Fruit- 4" long aggregate fruit with knobby surface

Foliage- Dark green, elliptical with sharply pointed tip.

Fall Color- Yellowish brown.

Bark- Smooth silver gray.

Disease/Insect- Sooty mold and magnolia scale.

Suggested usage- Lawns and parks.

Other-Susceptible to late frost and limb break due to heavy ice or snow loads. Due to multiple stems generally recovers from limb breakage.

Magnolia stellata

Star Magnolia

Height- 15' -20'

Width- 10'-20'

Form- Often multi trunk, round oval.

Rate- Medium

Hardiness Zone- 4-9

Soil Moisture- 3-9

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Some tolerance

PH- = 8.2

Flower- White, pink tepals. Some times fragrant.

Fruit- Aggregate fruit with knobby surface, split to reveal red seeds.

Foliage- Smaller than other magnolia tight leaf mass.

Bark- Smooth silver gray, attractive.

Disease/Insect- Sooty mold and magnolia scale.

Suggested usage- Lawns and parks.

Other-Susceptible to late frost and limb break due to heavy ice or snow loads. Due to multiple stems generally recovers from limb breakage.

Malus spp

Flowering Crabapple

Height- 20'

Width- 20'

Form- Vase to rounded oval

Rate- Medium

Hardiness Zone- 4

Soil Moisture- 4-11

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Some tolerance

PH- = 8.2

Varies greatly depending on cultivar

Disease/Insect- Many cultivars are highly disease susceptible lees of a problem in the north but still can be problematic.

Suggested usage- Narrow or wide street tree, Lawns and parks.

Other- Fruit litter may be problematic.

Malus coronaria

Sweet Crab

Height- 30'

Width- 30'

Form- Stout branching, broad crown

Rate- Medium

Hardiness Zone- 5

Soil Moisture- 4-9

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Unknown

PH- = 7.5

Varies greatly depending on cultivar

Disease/Insect- Many cultivars are highly disease susceptible lees of a problem in the north but still can be problematic.

Suggested usage- Narrow or wide street tree, Lawns and parks.

Other-Will adapt to urban situations and high light. Plant is disease prone to cosmetic diseases. Tolerant of wounding. Tolerates some fill.

Malus pumila

Apple

Height- 30'-40'

Width- 20'-30'

Form- Spreading, rounded crown

Rate- Medium

Hardiness Zone- 4

Soil Moisture- 3-9

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Some tolerance

PH- = 8.2

Varies greatly depending on cultivar

Disease/Insect- Many cultivars are highly disease susceptible lees of a problem in the north but still can be problematic.

Suggested usage- Narrow or wide street tree, Lawns and parks.

Other-Adaptable to high light in urban situations. Tolerant of wounding. Tolerates some fill.

Metasequoia glyptostroboides

Dawn Redwood

Height- 70'-100'

Width- 25'-50'

Form- Pyramidal, buttressed vase

Rate- Fast

Hardiness Zone- 5b

Soil Moisture- 3-8

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Unknown

PH- = 8.2

Flower- No ornamental significance

Fruit- Elongated round cones

Foliage- Deciduous needles stems, opposite branching

Fall Color- No ornamental significance

Bark- Red, brown, shredded, braided structure

Disease/Insect-None serious or limiting, mites will defoliate under drought stress.

Suggested usage- Lawns and parks.

Other- Extremely wide plantings are recommended due to size and drought sensitivity.

Nyssa sylvatica

Black-gum

Height- 30'-60'

Width- 20'-40'

Form- Horizontal branching, irregular oval

Rate- Slow to medium

Hardiness Zone- 5a

Soil Moisture- 2-10

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Some tolerance

PH- = 7.5

Flower- No ornamental significance

Fruit- Brown black droops, attractive to birds

Foliage- Simple ovate leaf

Fall Color- Florescent yellow/orange/red/purple, very showy

Bark- Grey, black, block like

Disease/Insect-None serious or limiting.

Suggested usage- Narrow or wide street tree, Lawns and parks.

Other- Fruit litter can stain and become problematic. Adapts to urban situations. Acid soil requiring plant. Will adapt to low oxygen site.

Oxydendrum arboreum

Sourwood

Height- 25'- 75'

Width- 20'- 30'

Form- pyramidal shape drooping and swooping branches

Rate- Slow

Hardiness Zone- 5b

Soil Moisture- 2-9

Sun/Shade- Full sun/ partial shade

Salt- Some tolerance

PH- = 7.0

Flower- Small white flower in elongated clusters

Fruit- Long descending capsules.

Foliage- Elliptical shape with an acuminate tip, high ornamental quality

Fall Color- Maroon, scarlet or plum color, very showy

Bark- Grey, brown, block like. Twigs are bright red.

Disease/Insect-None serious or limiting.

Suggested usage- Lawns and parks.

Other- Does not tolerate pollution.

Parrotia persic

Persian Parrotia

Height- 20'-30'

Width- 15'-25'

Form- Broadly pyramidal to round, irregular branching

Rate- Slow to medium

Hardiness Zone- 5

Soil Moisture- 4-10

Sun/Shade- Full tolerates partial shade

Salt- Unknown

PH- = 8.2

Flower- Red, showy

Fruit- No ornamental significance

Foliage- Obovate shape, serrated leaf margins

Fall Color- Orange/red/yellow

Bark- Grey, green, white, brown, peeling

Disease/Insect- Relatively pest free

Suggested usage- Lawns and parks.

Other- Pruning may be needed in narrow plantings. Pruning must be done in spring.

Phellodendron amurense

Amur Cork Tree

Height- 30'-45'

Width- 30'-40'

Form- Broad vase to round, massive branches

Rate- Slow

Hardiness Zone- 4b

Soil Moisture- 4-9

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Unknown

PH- = 8.2

Flower- No ornamental significance

Fruit- Pea size, black

Foliage- Opposite pinnately compound, lustrous dark green

Fall Color- No ornamental significance

Bark- Ridges and furrows, soft cork like feel, light grey

Disease/Insect- Relatively pest free

Suggested usage- Narrow or wide street tree, Lawns and parks.

Other- Fruit litter may be problematic. May naturalize. Use male to solve both

Picea abies

Norway Spruce

Height- 40'-60'

Width- 30'-35'

Form- Conical

Rate- Fast then slowing

Hardiness Zone- 3

Soil Moisture- 3-9

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Some tolerance

PH- = 7.0

Flower- Pink and at terminal bud

Fruit- Large tan cones

Foliage- Green needles, Point down and towards stem

Bark- Grey, brown, peeling scales

Disease/Insect- Spruce gall adelgid, red spiders and tip weevils

Suggested usage- Wide street tree, Lawns and parks. Group plantings

Other-Cones may become a litter problem. Loss of this plant is often due to wind throw, excessive lower pruning will enhance risk. Anything that will increase wind and increase the sail effect will likely result in greater wind instability.† Intolerant of excessive root loss. Tolerant of urban conditions.

Picea glauca

White Spruce

Height- 40'-60'

Width- 10'-20

Form- Conical, more loose with age

Rate- Medium

Hardiness Zone- 2

Soil Moisture- 3-9

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Tolerance

PH- = 7.0

Flower- No ornamental significance

Fruit- Light brown smooth cones located at end of branches.

Foliage- Blue-green needles crowned on upper-side of branch, stiff and pointed.

Bark- Brown, peeling to expose silver inner bark.

Disease/Insect- Spruce gall adelgid, red spiders and root rot.

Suggested usage- Lawns and parks. Group plantings

Other- Tolerant of urban conditions. Has a good salt tolerance so often used in high salt areas such as sea shore plantings.

Picea omorika

Serbian Spruce

Height- 50'-60'

Width- 20'-25'

Form- Pyramidal

Rate- Slow to medium

Hardiness Zone- 4

Soil Moisture- 3-9 Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Unknown

PH- = 7.5

Flower- Males strawberry color

Fruit- Elongate, oval cone

Foliage- 1î Green/ blue-green

Bark- Gray, brown

Disease/Insect- Relatively pest free

Suggested usage- Lawns and parks

Other- Symmetrical form with thin arching branches.

Picea pungens

Blue Spruce

Height- 30'-60(120+)

Width- 10'-20'

Form- Narrow, dense conical

Rate- Slow

Hardiness Zone- 3

Soil Moisture- 3-9

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Some tolerance

PH- = 7.5

Flower- No ornamental significance

Fruit- Cones are cylindrical and point down

Foliage- Stiff blue/green needles

Bark- Grey, brown, and blocky

Disease/Insect- Spruce gall adelgid, red spiders and tip weevils

Suggested usage- Wide street tree, Lawns and parks. Group plantings

Other-Cones may become a litter problem. This plant is often lost due to wind throw in the landscape. Tolerant of wounding. Tolerant of urban conditions. Attractive yard tree.

Pinus nigra

Austrian Pine

Height- 50'-70'

Width- 20'-40'

Form- Conical at youth, umbrella shape at maturity

Rate- Medium

Hardiness Zone- 4

Soil Moisture- 3-11

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Tolerant

PH- = 7.5

Flower- No ornamental significance

Fruit- Cones are shiny, yellow brown, thick and irregular

Foliage-Needles in 2, dark green

Bark- Grey, brown, silver, plates

Disease/Insect- Pine nematodes, pine tip blight

Suggested usage- Lawns and parks.

Other-Will tolerate some fill and increased light and heat loads. Pine tip blight is potentially fatal but the incidence of this disease may be reduced under urban conditions. Tolerates wounding.

Pinus resinosa

Red Pine

Height- 50'-70'

Width- Varying spread

Form- Lateral branches, oval

Rate- Medium

Hardiness Zone- 2

Soil Moisture- 4-11

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Sensitive

PH- = 7.5

Flower- No ornamental significance

Fruit- Cones, light† tan/brown

Foliage-Needles in 2, brittle

Bark- Orange, red, brown, silver, grey, rough scaly plates and patches

Disease/Insect- Red pine scales

Suggested usage- Lawns and parks.

Other-Not tolerant of wind or increased salt. Tolerates cold well. Not tolerant of increased heat loads. Tolerant of wounding.

Pinus strobus

White Pine

Height- 50'-100'+

Width- 30'-60'

Form- Lateral branches, dense canopy

Rate- Fast

Hardiness Zone- 3

Soil Moisture- 3-10

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Sensitive

PH- = 7.5

Flower- No ornamental significance

Fruit-Numerous, brown, mostly in upper tree

Foliage-Needles in 5, light green and soft

Bark- Grey, green, scaly

Disease/Insect-White pine weevil and blister rust

Suggested usage- Wide street tree, Lawns and parks.

Other-Dose better with a mulched root zone. Intolerant of changes in soil moisture as this plant requires moist well drained soils. Intolerant of excess moisture. Very intolerant of aerial salt. Increased snow or ice loads results in frequent limb damage.

Pinus sylvestris

Scotch Pine

Height- 30'-50'

Width- 30'-60'

Form- Conical at youth, flat top with age

Rate- Medium

Hardiness Zone- 2

Soil Moisture- 4-12

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Some tolerance

PH- = 7.5

Flower- No ornamental significance

Fruit- Small, fat conical cones

Foliage-Needles in 2, stiff serrated, green/blue twisted needles

Bark- Gray, brown giving way to red, orange at the top of the tree, scaly

Disease/Insect- Diplodia needle cast disease

Suggested usage- Lawns and parks.

Other-Intolerant of increased moisture levels. Decreased moisture levels can increase insect sensitivity. This plant is one of the more difficult pines to transplant.

Pinus thunbergii

Japanese Black Pine

Height- 3'-100'

Width- 2- 40'

Form- Irregular pyramidal

Rate- Slow

Hardiness Zone- 5b

Soil Moisture- 3-9 Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Tolerant

PH- = 7.5

Flower- No ornamental significance

Fruit- Pendulous ovate cone

Foliage-Needles in 2

Bark-Dark gray/purple gray

Disease/Insect- Susceptible to pine wilt

Suggested usage- Lawns and parks

Other- Tree has significant ornamental value and is often used for bonsai applications but can become large if not pruned.

Platanus x aceriflolia

London Planetree

Height- 70'-100'

Width- 60'-80'

Form- Open spreading with age, massive branches

Rate- Medium

Hardiness Zone- 5b

Soil Moisture- 2-11

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Some tolerance

PH- = 8.2

Flower- No ornamental significance

Fruit-1î Fruit

Foliage-Maple like shape, coarsely tooth

Fall Color- Yellow/brown

Bark- Exfoliating plates, creamy yellow inner bark

Disease/Insect-Over use has encouraged disease and insect problems.

Suggested usage- Wide street tree, Lawns and parks.

Other- Wide plantings are recommended due to size and tendencies to disrupt sidewalks and other near by structures. Also fruit may cause a littler problem.

Prunus 'Accolade

Accolade Flowering Cheery

Height- 20'-25'

Width- 15'-25'

Form- Rounded to vase

Rate- Fast for Prunus

Hardiness Zone- 5a

Soil Moisture- 4-7

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Some tolerance

PH- = 7.5

Flower- Pink

Fruit- Pendulous cluster

Foliage- Green into fall

Bark- Red, brown horizontal lenticels

Disease/Insect- Prunus have many potential problems

Suggested usage- Narrow or wide street tree, Lawns and parks.

Other- Short lived

Prunus avium

Sweet Cherry

Height- 25'-35'

Width- 15'-30'

Form- Rounded to vase

Rate- Medium

Hardiness Zone- 5a

Soil Moisture- 4-7

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Some tolerance

PH- = 7.5

Flower- Whitish pink

Fruit- Reddish pendulous cluster

Foliage- Ovate

Bark- Brown horizontal lenticels

Disease/Insect- Prunus have many potential problems

Suggested usage- Narrow or wide street tree, Lawns and parks.

Other- Short lived

Prunus cerasifera

Flowering Plum

Height- 15'-30'

Width- 15'-25'

Form- Round

Rate- Medium

Hardiness Zone- 4

Soil Moisture- 3-9 Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Unknown

PH- = 7.0

Flower- Pink and white

Fruit- 1.5î red, edible

Foliage- Ovate, deep purple

Bark- Gray

Disease/Insect- Prunus have many potential problems

Suggested usage- Narrow or wide street tree, Lawns and parks.

Other- Short lived

Prunus serotina

Wild Blackcherry

Height- 80'

Width- 20'-40'

Form-† Oval

Rate- Medium

Hardiness Zone- 4b

Soil Moisture- 3-10

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Unknown

PH- = 8.2

Flower- White, showy

Fruit- Round purple, red drupe, edible

Foliage- Ovate, serrated leaf margins

Fall Color- Yellow/orange

Bark- Gray, black scaly

Disease/Insect- Prunus have many potential problems

Suggested usage- Lawns and parks.

Other- Short lived. Very young plants seem to adapt to altered environment. Older plants often decline over time following any disturbance.

Prunus 'Snow Goose'\

Snow Goose Cherry

Height- 20'-25'

Width- 20'-40'

Form- Upright, wider with age, open branching

Rate- Medium

Hardiness Zone- 5

Soil Moisture- 4-7

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Unknown

PH- = 7.5

Flower- White

Fruit- Blue/ black cherry

Foliage- Typical cherry shape

Fall Color- Yellow/red

Bark- Gray , black horizontal lenticels

Disease/Insect- Prunus have many potential problems

Suggested usage- Narrow or wide street tree, Lawns and parks.

Other- Short lived

Pseudotsuga menziesii

Douglas Fir

Height- 60' -80'

Width- 20' -30'

Form- Conical shape, horizontal branches with pendulous branchlets

Rate- Medium

Hardiness Zone- 3-8

Soil Moisture- 3-9

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Some tolerance

PH- = 7.0

Flower- No ornamental Significance

Fruit- Tan cones with conspicuous 3 pointed bracts from between cone scales.

Foliage- Small spirally arranged needles blue-green to green in color.

Fall Color- Evergreen but some seasonal drop of old needles.

Bark- Mature have reddish brown ridges and furrows.

Disease/Insect- Cottony aphids, needle casts and twig blight

Suggested usage- Lawns and parks

Other- Performs poorly in excessively hot and dry situations.

Pyrus calleryana

Callery Pear

Height- 30'-50'

Width- 20'-40'

Form- Oval to round, dense

Rate- Fast

Hardiness Zone- 4

Soil Moisture- 2-12

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Some tolerance

PH- = 8.2

Flower- White, showy

Fruit- Small round pome

Foliage- Ovate, leathery

Fall Color- Red/purple/orange

Bark- Light brown, gray

Disease/Insect- Susceptible to fire blight

Suggested usage- Narrow or wide street tree, Lawns and parks.

Other- Sever branch and limb damage is it highly probable during ice and snow loads. Watch cultivars.

Pyrus fauriei 'Westwood'

Korean Sun Pear

Height- 15'-20'

Width- 20'-40'

Form- Rounded

Rate- Unknown

Hardiness Zone- 4

Soil Moisture- 3-11

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Unknown

PH- = 8.2

Flower- White clusters

Fruit- Berry like orange, red clusters

Foliage- Rounded

Fall Color- Red/orange, showy

Bark- Brown, gray, furrows and ridges

Disease/Insect- Fire blight tolerant

Suggested usage- Narrow or wide street tree, Lawns and parks.

Quercus alba

White Oak

Height- 60'-80'

Width- 60'-80'

Form- Broad, Rounded

Rate- Medium

Hardiness Zone- 4

Soil Moisture- 3-11

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Some tolerance

PH- =7.5

Flower- No ornamental significance

Fruit- Acorn in pairs, elongated, numerous some years

Foliage- Round lobes

Fall Color- Purple/red showy

Bark- White or flaky gray

Disease/Insect- Numerous susceptibilities but most are superficial.

Suggested usage- Wide street tree, Lawns and parks. Very Attractive specimen tree. Long lived

Other-Thick bark provides some protection against mechanical damage. In its native range this plant is frequently one of the more common survivors following construction activity. Acorns may be problematic.

Quercus bicolor

Swamp White Oak

Height- 50'-60'

Width- 50'-60'

Form- Broad, rounded, short trunk

Rate- Slow

Hardiness Zone- 4a

Soil Moisture- 2-11

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Unknown

PH- = 7.5

Flower- No ornamental significance

Fruit- Acorn, rounded, numerous some years

Foliage- Obovate, round , lobed

Fall Color- Copper/red

Bark- Dark brown, deep ridges and furrows

Disease/Insect- None serious or limiting

Suggested usage- Wide street tree, Lawns and parks

Other-Alkaline soil tolerant. Can adapt to low oxygen sites. Will tolerates some fill and soil compaction. Acorns may be problematic.

Quercus coccinea

Scarlet Oak

Height-60'-70'(100+)

Width- 40'-50'

Form- Rounded, Open

Rate- Slow

Hardiness Zone- 5a

Soil Moisture- 4-10

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Unknown

PH- = 7.5

Flower- No ornamental significance

Fruit- Acorn, deep cap

Foliage- Lobed , bristled tips and ëC' shaped sinus

Fall Color- Scarlet, showy

Bark- Gray, black

Disease/Insect- None serious or limiting

Suggested usage- Wide street tree, Lawns and parks

Other-Less adaptable to a low oxygen environment than most oaks. Often found in poor soils.

Quercus macrocarpa

Bur Oak

Height- 60'-100'+

Width- 60'-90'

Form- Broad, rounded, open

Rate- Slow

Hardiness Zone- 3a

Soil Moisture- 2-12

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Unknown

PH- = 8.2

Flower- No ornamental significance

Fruit- Acorn, long brown

Foliage- Obovate, rounded lobes

Fall Color- Yellow/ brown

Bark- Gray, brown, flaky, distinct corky stem

Disease/Insect- None serious or limiting

Suggested usage- Wide street tree, Lawns and parks

Other -Thick bark provides protection from fire and mechanical damage. An alkaline soil tolerant oak. Can adapt to low oxygen sites and tolerates some fill.

Quercus prinus

Chestnut Oak

Height- 50'-80'

Width- 40'-60'

Form- Rounded, irregular

Rate- Slow to medium

Hardiness Zone- 4

Soil Moisture- 3-10

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Unknown

PH- = 7.5

Flower- No ornamental significance

Fruit- Acorn, 1or2 in bunch, dark brown

Foliage- Obovate, scalloped toothed

Fall Color-Yellow/brown

Bark- Nearly black, deep furrows

Disease/Insect- None serious or limiting

Suggested usage- Wide street tree, Lawns and parks

Other -Often found in shallow, rocky soils where any disturbance of the site can result in the loss of the plant. In good sites the plant is quite tolerant of disturbance. This tree's thick bark provides some protection against mechanical damage.

Quercus muehlenbergii

Chinkapin Oak

Height- 30'-50'

Width- 30'-60'

Form- Width usually greater than height

Rate- Medium to slow with age

Hardiness Zone- 5a

Soil Moisture- 4-11

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Unknown

PH- = 8.2

Flower- No ornamental significance

Fruit- Acorn, numerous some years

Foliage- Lancolate shape , dentate margins

Fall Color- Yellow, showy

Bark- White, light gray , flaky

Disease/Insect- None serious or limiting

Suggested usage- Wide street tree, Lawns and parks

Quercus palustris

Pin Oak

Height-50'-70'(100+)

Width- 40'-50'

Form- Oval, distinct branching-upper branches(upright), middle(horizontal), lower (drooping)

Rate- Fast for Quercus

Hardiness Zone- 5a

Soil Moisture- 2-10

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Sensitive

PH- = 7.0

Flower- No ornamental significance

Fruit- Acorn, small

Foliage- Sharp pointed lobes. terminal bristles

Fall Color- Red/bronze, showy

Bark- Gray, brown shallow furrows and ridges

Disease/Insect- Iron deficiency a significant problem. Over planting has encouraged problems, gypsy moths, oak wilt, galls and cankers

Suggested usage- Wide street tree, Lawns and parks

Other ñPruning may be needed do to lower descending branches. Adaptable to low oxygen environments. Requires acid to neutral soils. Plant is urban tolerant.

Quercus robur

English Oak

Height-40'-60'(100+)

Width- 40'-60'

Form- Broad, rounded, open

Rate- Slow to medium

Hardiness Zone- 5b

Soil Moisture- 4-12

Sun/Shade- Full

Salt- Some tolerance

PH- = 8.2

Flower- No ornamental significance

Fruit- Acorn, 1to 5 in bunch, small, elongated

Foliage- Small leaves for and Oak, rounded lobes

Bark- Gray, black, furrows and ridges

Disease/Insect- Powdery mildew is a serious problem.

Suggested usage- Wide street tree, Lawns and parks

Quercus rubra

Red Oak

Height-60'-80'(100')

Width- 50'-70'

Form- Round

Rate- Fast for Quercus

Hardiness Zone- 3b

Soil Moisture- 4-11

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Some tolerance

PH- = 7.5

Flower- No ornamental significance

Fruit- Acorn, long, brown, 1to 2 in bunch

Foliage- Lobed, bristle tips

Fall Color- Red/ yellow/tan

Bark- Brown, black , shallow furrows and ridges

Disease/Insect- Oak wilt in southern parts of range.

Suggested usage- Wide street tree, Lawns and parks

Other-Shorter lived and less tolerant of disturbance than the white oak group. Urban tolerant.

Quercus shumardii

Shumard Oak

Height-60'-80(100+)

Width- 45'-65'

Form- Oval to round

Rate- Slow to medium

Hardiness Zone- 5b

Soil Moisture- 3-11

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Unknown

PH- = 8.2

Flower- No ornamental significance

Fruit- Acorn, brown/black striated

Foliage- Pointed lobes, deep sinus

Fall Color- Orange/red, showy

Bark- Gray, brown

Disease/Insect- Relatively pest free

Suggested usage- Wide street tree, Lawns and parks.

Other- Do not prune in spring.

Quercus velutina

Black Oak

Height- 50'

Width- 60'

Form- Irregular spread

Rate- Medium

Hardiness Zone- 3

Soil Moisture- 4-11

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Unknown

PH- = 7.5

Flower- No ornamental significance

Fruit- Acorn, elongated

Foliage- Pointed lobes, shiny red/brown, ovate

Bark- Almost black, orange inner bark, furrows

Disease/Insect- Relatively pest free

Suggested usage- Wide street tree, Lawns and parks

Other-Less tolerant of compaction than many other oaks. Shorter lived than oaks in the white oak group.

Robinia pseudo-acacia

Black Locust

Height- 50'-80'

Width- 20'-35'

Form- Open, irregular branching

Rate- Fast

Hardiness Zone- 4b

Soil Moisture- 3-12

Sun/Shade- Tolerates full shade

Salt- Some tolerance

PH- = 8.2

Flower- Creamy white pea like cluster

Fruit- Flat pod

Foliage- Alternate pinnately compound, elliptical

Fall Color- Yellow/green

Bark- Gray, furrows and heavy ridges

Disease/Insect- Borers and leaf minors.

Suggested usage-Lawns and parks.

Other-Fruit litter may cause problems. A high population of this tree results in sensitivity to borer damage or death. Urban tolerant. Tolerates some fill.

Sassafrass albidum

Sassafras

Height- 40'-50'

Width- 30'

Form- Round, irregular

Rate- Medium

Hardiness Zone- 5

Soil Moisture- 4-10

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Unknown

PH- = 7.5

Flower- Olive but has red pedicels , showy

Fruit- Blue, black, eaten by birds

Foliage-Mitten shape, left right or 2 thumbs

Fall Color- Brown/red yellow, showy at times

Bark- Red, brown, deeply furrowed and forming flattened ridges.

Disease/Insect- Japanese beetles

Suggested usage- Lawns and parks.

Other-Plant regenerates from root suckers. Root sucker generated plants can be killed with minimal root disturbance due to the root distribution pattern. Plant tolerant of sterile soils.

Sorbus intermedia

Swedish Mountainash

Height- 25'-35'

Width- 30'

Form- Round

Rate-Medium

Hardiness Zone- 4b

Soil Moisture- 4-9

Sun/Shade- Full/ tolerates partial shade

Salt- Unknown

PH- = 8.2

Flower- White clusters, showy

Fruit- Berry like, orange/red clusters

Foliage- Ash shape

Fall Color- Brown/orange/red

Bark- Gray, brown, smooth to rough

Disease/Insect-Relatively pest free

Suggested usage- Narrow or wide street tree, Lawns and parks.

Styphnolobium japonicum

Japanese Pagodatree

Height- 40'-60'

Width- 35'-55'

Form- Oval to round, upright spreading branches

Rate- Medium to fast

Hardiness Zone- 5b

Soil Moisture- 4-12

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Some tolerance

PH- = 8.2

Flower- Pale yellow, cream white

Fruit- Pod, necklace like

Foliage- Pinnately compound

Bark- Gray, brown furrows in rounded interlaced ridges

Disease/Insect- Twig die back and stem cankers in colder zones

Suggested usage- Lawns and parks.

Syringa reticulata

Japanese Tree Lilac

Height- 20'-25'

Width- 15'-20'

Form- Oval

Rate- Slow

Hardiness Zone- 3a

Soil Moisture- 4-11

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Some tolerance

PH- = 8.2

Flower- No ornamental significance

Fruit- Panicles, capsules, tan

Foliage- Entire leaves, rounded base

Fall Color- Off white

Bark- Gray, brown, shiny, lenticels

Disease/Insect-Susceptible to many lilac diseases, resistant to powder mildew

Suggested usage- Narrow or wide street tree, Lawns and parks.

Taxodium distichum

Common Baldcypress

Height- 50'-70'

Width- 20'-40'

Form- Slender pyramidal, horizontal branching

Rate- Medium

Hardiness Zone- 5a

Soil Moisture- 1-10

Sun/Shade-Full sun

Salt- Some tolerance

PH- = 7.5

Flower- No ornamental significance

Fruit- Cones

Foliage- Deciduous, flattened needles

Fall Color- Warm red/brown

Bark- Red ,brown ,fibrous and fissured

Disease/Insect-None serious or limiting

Suggested usage- Lawns and parks.

Other- Wide planting is recommended due to size and low branching patter.

Thuja occidentalis

Arborvitae

Height- 20'-40'

Width- 10'-15'

Form- Conical, dense

Rate- Medium

Hardiness Zone- 4

Soil Moisture- 3-10

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Some tolerance

PH- = 8.2

Flower- No ornamental significance

Fruit- Small cones with overlapping scales, Tan

Foliage-2mm leaves form flattened rope like shoots, spray like

Bark- Brown

Disease/Insect- Bag worm, leaf minor and a deer favorite

Suggested usage- Typically used as a foundation planting and hedges

Other-Tolerates urban conditions. Tolerates excess moisture if given time to adapt. Tolerates wounding. Often found on rock outcrops where root disturbance can be fatal. Tolerates some fill.

Thuja plicata

Western Red Cedar

Height- 60'+

Width- 30'-40'

Form- Conical, drooping branches that bend up at tips.

Rate- Medium

Hardiness Zone- 4

Soil Moisture- 2-7

Sun/Shade- Full sun/partial shade

Salt- Unknown

PH- = 7.0

Flower- No ornamental significance

Fruit- Small egg shape.

Foliage-needles lie in pairs, scaly, overlapping like shingles

Bark- Gray stringy pulls off in long strips.

Disease/Insect- Younger trees susceptible to herbivory, butt rot may also be problematic.

Suggested usage- Lawns and parks.

Other- Needs wet soils to prosper, long lived under optimal conditions.

Tilia americana

Basswood

Height-60'-80'(100+)

Width- 30'-60'

Form- Oval to round with age

Rate- Medium to fast

Hardiness Zone- 3a

Soil Moisture- 3-9

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Sensitive

PH- = 8.2

Flower- Small ,creamy white, attracts bees

Fruit- White, yellow nutlets

Foliage- Broad heart shape

Bark- Gray, brown, long flat top ridges

Disease/Insect-Various pests, foliage feeding insects, scales, Linder mites and Japanese beetles

Suggested usage- Narrow or wide street tree, Lawns and parks.

Other-Declines slowly over time. Consider by foresters as an indicator plant for environmental change. Mulching root zone will help to retain this plant. Intolerant of fill.

Tilia cordata

Littleleaf Linden

Height- 50'-70'

Width- 30'-50'

Form- Oval to round, pyramidal with age, dense

Rate- Medium to fast

Hardiness Zone- 3b

Soil Moisture- 4-9

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Sensitive

PH- = 8.2

Flower- Yellow clusters attracts bees

Fruit- Round nutlets

Foliage- Sub or bicular, doubly serrated leaf margins

Bark- Gray, brown

Disease/Insect- Various pests, aphids and Japanese beetles

Suggested usage- Narrow or wide street tree, Lawns and parks.

Tilia cordata 'Halka'

Summer Sprite Littleleaf Linden

Height- 15'-20'

Width- 8'-10'

Form- Narrow, pyramidal, dense

Rate- Medium

Hardiness Zone- 4

Soil Moisture- 4-9

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Sensitive

PH- = 8.2

Flower- Yellow clusters attracts bees

Fruit- Small round nutlets

Foliage- Heart shape

Bark- Gray, brown, furrows and ridges

Disease/Insect- Various pests, aphids and Japanese beetles

Suggested usage- Narrow or wide street tree, Lawns and parks.

Tilia x euchlora

Crimean Linden

Height- 40'-60'

Width- 20'-30'

Form- Broadly pyramidal, pendulous lower branches

Rate- Medium

Hardiness Zone- 4

Soil Moisture- 4-9

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Sensitive

PH- = 8.2

Flower- No ornamental significance

Fruit- No ornamental significance

Foliage- Broad ovate shape

Bark- Gray, brown

Disease/Insect- Various pests, aphids and Japanese beetles

Suggested usage- Narrow or wide street tree, Lawns and parks.

Other- Basal suckers are maintenance problems.

Tilia tomentosa

Silver Linden

Height- 50'-70'

Width- 35'-55'

Form- Pyramidal, upright oval with age, dense

Rate- Medium

Hardiness Zone- 5a

Soil Moisture- 4-10

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Sensitive

PH- = 8.2

Flower- Yellow clusters

Fruit- Small round nutlets

Foliage- Heart shape, acuminate tip

Bark- Gray, brown, furrows and ridges

Disease/Insect- Various pests, aphids and Japanese beetles

Suggested usage- Narrow or wide street tree, Lawns and parks.

Other- Basal suckers are maintenance problems.

Tsuga canadensis

Canadian Hemlock

Height- 40'-70'

Width- 25'-30'

Form- Conical, pendulous or horizontal branches

Rate- Slow

Hardiness Zone- 3

Soil Moisture- 3-9

Sun/Shade- Full/tolerates partial shade

Salt- Unknown

PH- = 7.5

Flower- No ornamental significance

Fruit- Small light brown cones

Foliage- Flattened short needles

Bark- Brown, flaky , scaly

Disease/Insect- Relatively pest free

Suggested usage Lawns and parks

Other-Intolerant of fill. Protection from soil compaction. Sensitive to increased soil temperatures and decreased soil moisture levels. Intolerant of excess moisture.

Ulmus parvifolia

Lacebark Elm

Height- 40'-75'

Width- 30'-75'

Form- Elm shape but some broader

Rate- Medium to fast

Hardiness Zone- 5b

Soil Moisture- 3-12

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Some tolerance

PH- = 8.2

Flower- No ornamental significance

Fruit- No ornamental significance

Foliage- Similar to American Elm but smaller

Fall Color- Yellow

Bark- Exfoliates mix of gray, green, brown, olive

Disease/Insect- Relatively resistant to Dutch Elm Disease

Suggested usage- Narrow or wide street tree, Lawns and parks

Other-Adaptable species to disturbance. Very tolerant of urban conditions. Sensitive to phloem necrosis is fatal. Tolerates mechanical damage.

Ulmus "pioneer"

Pioneer hybrid Elm

Height- 60'-90'

Width- 40'-80'

Form- Elm shape vase structure

Rate- Medium

Hardiness Zone- 3

Soil Moisture- 2-9

Sun/Shade- Full/tolerates partial shade

Salt- Some tolerance

PH- = 8.2

Flower- No ornamental significance

Fruit- Disc shape

Foliage- Simple, double serrated leaf margins, oblique base

Bark- Gray ,fissures and intersecting ridges

Disease/Insect- Relatively resistant to Dutch Elm Disease

Suggested usage- Narrow or wide street tree, Lawns and parks

Other-Adaptable species to disturbance. Very tolerant of urban conditions. Sensitive to phloem necrosis which is fatal. Tolerates mechanical damage.

Zelkova serrata

Japanese zelcova

Height-50'-70'(120') Wild

Width- 40'-60'

Form- Vase shape

Rate- Medium to fast

Hardiness Zone- 5

Soil Moisture- 4-10

Sun/Shade- Full sun

Salt- Some tolerance

PH- = 8.2

Flower- No ornamental significance

Fruit- No ornamental significance

Foliage- Elliptical shape, toothed, acuminate tip

Fall Color- Yellow/bronze/red/purple, showy

Bark- Steel gray, exfoliates to expose orange inner bark

Disease/Insect- None serious or limiting

Suggested usage-Narrow or wide street tree, Lawns and parks

Other-Replacement for American Elm and Dutch elm resistant. Splitting may occur. Tolerates urban conditions

Last Updated: 2/25/15