Science Curriculum-Instruction-Assessment that includes historical vignettes & case studies, humor, discrepant event demonstrations, real-world applications (including mathematics) and STS issues/controversies sends a message that science should be considered a “FUNdaMENTAL humanity.” That is, science has been and continues to be a very human endeavor carried out by an ethnically, politically, and personally diverse group of individuals united by a common “need to know &/or create” drive. If presented this way, science invites students to participate in the ongoing process by opening their minds and increasing their motivation to do the “hard work” necessary to be involved in the “game of scientific play.” The following references can help you show your students that science is a human adventure worth pursuing as either a vocation or avocation and “a” useful lens through which to view both human history and the natural world. For an extensive listing of live links to Internet resources on these same topics, go to the Binghamton University, SEHD, Center for Science, Mathematics and Technology Education website:



Allman, William F. (1994). The Stone Age Present: How Evolution Has Shaped Modern Life - From Sex, Violence, and Language to Emotions, Morals, and Communities. NY: Simon & Schuster.

Behme, Robert Lee. 1992. Incredible Plants: Oddities, Curiosities, & Eccentricities. Sterling Publishing Co., Inc. N.Y. 120 pgs. A compilation of interesting facts about plants.

Biological Sciences Curriculum Study (1978/3rd ed.).Biology Teacher's Handbook.

DeWaal, Frans. (1996). Good Natured: The Origins of Right and Wrong in Humans and Other Animals. Harvard Univ. Press. Argues that while natural selection may be “nasty” at times, it also has selected for traits & behaviors related to peaceful conflict resolution, justice, cooperation & mutual assistance as biological building blocks for morality.

Goodman, Susan. (1993). Amazing Biofacts: The Human Body, Animals & Plants. NY: Peter Bedrick Books. 160pp, index, color photos & tables.

Hoagland, M. & Dodson, B. (1995). The Way Life Works: Everything You Need to Know about the Way All Life Grows, Develops, Reproduces and Gets Along. NY: Times Book/Random House. Colorful, well-written book with wonderful visual analogies co-authored by molecular geneticist and artist that explains in an engaging ways “The Way Life Works.”

Lawson, Anton E. (1994). Biology: A Critical-Thinking Approach. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley. Lab manual, student readings, TG, and assessment booklet teach concepts, process skills & higher-order thinking skills through a learning cycle approach.

Leonard, William H. & Penick, John E. (2002). Biology: A Community Context. Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. An inquiry-based, STS textbook/curriculum (inc. videotapes) for 9th or 10th grade high school general biology classes.

Liem, Tik L. (1987/2nd ed.). Invitations to Science Inquiry. Chino Hills, CA: Science Inquiry Enterprise. Over 400 discrepant event demonstrations & mini-experiments covering gr.4-12 physical, earth and life sciences. Each activity is one page and has a section covering materials, procedure, questions and explanation. Check for availability at online bookstores

Lynch, Aaron. (1996). Thought Contagion: How Beliefs Spreads Through Society: The New Science of Memes. NY: BasicBooks/HarperCollins. 192pp explore how a variety of ideas or memes (including those dealing with sex, family, religion, health, etc.,) have evolved in human cultures via natural selection & "survival of the fitest" analogous to genetic evolution. See also book: Susan Blackmore's book: The Meme Machine.

Morholt, E. & Brandwein, P.F. (1986/3rd ed.) A Sourcebook for the Biological Sciences. Harcourt, Brace & Jovanovich. [“classic” demonstrations & lab activities].

National Assn of Biology Teachers Store: Sells a variety of NABT books such as Biology Labs that Work, V I & II, Learning Biology with Plant Pathology, Middle School Ideas Book, Shoestring Biotechnology, Investigating Ecology in the Laboratory, The Power of Analogy, etc.,

Nesse, Randolph & Williams, George C. (1994). Why We Get Sick: The New Science of Darwinian Medicine. NY; Vintage Books/Random House.

Rahn, Joan Elma. (1982). Plants That Changed History. Atheneum, N.Y. 135 pgs. Gives five scenarios where plants had a huge impact on historical events, including the rise of civilization, the Irish potato famine, the industrial revolution, the discovery of America, and even the mutiny on the Bounty.

VanCleave, Janice Pratt. Biology for EveryKid. ~10 demos/experiments for gr.3-8 with "how-it-works" explanations.

Zimmer, Carl. (2001). Evolution: The Triumph of an Idea. HarperCollins Pub. 364pp /150 color illustrations packed companion to the 7-part/8 hr WGBH/NOVA series (for TG, online lessons & more, go to that cover the development, implications & relevance of Darwin’s theory.

· see also Mathematics in the Sciences for resources dealing with the concept of scale

Last Updated: 3/28/16