Timeline CA 10,000-CA 400 B.C.

Next

  Africa and the Middle East The Americas East Asia India and Southeast Asia Europe
10,000 B.C. New Stone Age culture, ca 10,000-3500 Migration into Americas begins, ca 11,000 BC      
5000 B.C.

"Agricultural revolution"originates in Tigris-Euphrates and Nile River Valleys,ca 6000

First writing in Sumeria; Sumerian city-states emerge, ca 3500

Egypt unified under Narmer, 3100-2660

Metalworking in Caucasus, 3000

Maize domesticated in Mexica, ca 5000

Chinchorro peoples in Peru, ca 5000

"Agricultural revolution" originates in Yellow River Valley, ca 4000    
2500 B.C.

Old Kingdom in Egypt; construction of the pyramids, 2660-2180

Akkadian Empire, 2370-2150

Middle Kingdom in Egypt, 2080-1640

Hyksos "invade" Egypt, 1640-1570

Hammurabi, 1792-1750

Hebrew monotheism, ca 1700

Pottery in Columbia and Ecuador, ca 3000

Metalworking in Peru, ca 2000

Horse domesticated in China, ca 2500 Indus River Valley civilization, ca 2500-1500; capitals at Mohenjodaro and Harappa

Greek Bronze Age, 2000-1100

Arrival of Greeks in peninsular Greece

1500 B.C.

Hittite Empire, ca 1450-1200

Akhenaten institutes worship of Aton, ca 1360

New Kingdom in Egypt; creation of Egyptian Empire, ca 1570-1075

Moses leads Hebrews out of Egypt, ca 1300-1200

Olmec civilization, Mexico, ca 1500 B.C.-A.D. 300

Shang Dynasty, first writing in China, ca 1523-ca 1027

Melanesian settlers reach Fiji, ca 1300

Aryans arrive in India; Early Vedic Age, ca 1500-1000

Vedas, oldest Hindu sacred texts

Height of Minoan culture, 1700-1450

Myceneans conquer Minoan Crete, ca 1450

Mycenaean Age, 1450-1200

1000 B.C.

Political fragmentation of Egypt; rise of small kingdoms, ca 1100-700

United Hebrew Kingdom, 1020-922: Saul, David, Solomon

Ironworking spreads throughout Africa, ca 1000 B.C.-A.D. 300

Divided Hebrew Kingdom: Israel(922-721), Judah(922-586)

Assyrian Empire, 745-612

Zoroaster, ca 600

Olmec center at San Lorenzo destroyed, ca 900; power passes to La Venta in Tabasco

Chavin civilization in Andes, ca 1000-200 B.C.

Zhou Dynasty, promulgation of the Mandate of Heaven, ca 1027-221

Later Vedic Age; solidifications of caste system, ca 1000-500

Upanishads; foundations of Hinduism, 800-600

Trojan War, ca 1180

Fall of the Mycenaean kingdom, 1100

Greek Dark Age, ca 1100-800

Roman Republic founded, 509

Origin of the Greek polis, ca 700

Rise of Sparta and Athens, 800-500

500 B.C.

Babylonian captivity of the Hebrews, 586-539

Cyrus the Great founds Persian Empire, 550

Persian conquer Egypt, 525

Darius and Xerxes complete Persian conquest of Middle East, 521-464

Olmec civilization, ca 1500 B.C-A.D. 300; Calendar, writing, and numeric system

Fall of La Venta; Tres Zapotes becomes leading Olmec site

Confucius, 551-479

First written reference to iron, ca 521

Siddhartha Gautama (Buddha), 563-483

Persian Wars, 499-479

Growth of Athenian Empire; flowering of Greek drama, philosophy, and history, 5th century

Peloponnesian War, 431-404

Plato, 426-347

400 B.C.        

Spartan and Theban hegemony in Greece, 399-362 B.C.


© 1998 Research Foundation of the State University of New York at Binghamton

Last Updated: 8/12/16