Trees of the Nature Preserve

Northern White-Cedar (Arborvitae),  Thuja occidentalis
A few trees planted along western end of Marsh Trail in 1970. None today due to heavy deer browsing.

Eastern White Pine,  Pinus strobus
Mid shade tolerant. On campus mostly as successional species in abandoned farm land.

Pitch Pine,  Pinus rigida
Shade intolerant. Often in previously burned areas. A few around the water tanks above Forest Loop Trail.

Red Pine,  Pinus resinosa
Shade intolerant. A few planted in 1970 along western end of March Trail and also in plantation west of Lot M dating to the 1950s.

Scots Pine,  Pinus sylvestris
Shade intolerant. Non-native (Eurasian) species. A few planted on land previously farmed. Some natural reproduction but also in plantations with Red pines.

Balsam Fir,  Abies balsamea
Shade tolerant. Natural to boreal forests further north. A few planted along western end of Marsh Trail in early 1990s.

White Spruce,  Picea glauca
Shade tolerant. Natural to boreal forests further north but planted here, mostly along western end of Marsh Trail in 1970.

Norway Spruce,  Picea abies
Shade tolerant. Non-native species (Eurasian) Planted along western end of Marsh Trail in 1970 and in old plantation noted for Red and Scots pines.

Eastern Hemlock,  Tsuga canadensis
Very shade tolerant. Abundant in campus forests, especially on shaded northern exposures.

Black Willow,  Salix nigra
Shade intolerant. In campus wetland west of boardwalk.

Crack Willow,  Salix fragilis
Shade intolerant. Several trees at east end of wetland, near Lot M.

Balsam Poplar,  Populus balsamfirea
Shade intolerant. Planted in 1970 long outer loop road.

Eastern Cottonwood,  Populus deltoides
Shade intolerant. One tree planted along western end of March Trail.

Trembling Aspen(Quaking Aspen),  Populus tremuloides
Very shade intolerant. Widespread as an early successional species on old farm land.

Bigtooth Aspen,  Populus grandidentata
Very shade intolerant. Widespread as an early successional species on old farm land.

Butternut,  Juglans cinerea
Shade intolerant. A few in rich soils along Fuller Hollow creek in Newing Woods. Almost eliminated by butternut canker disease.

Shagbark Hickory,  Carya ouata
Shade intolerant. Scattered throughout campus forests.

Pignut Hickory,  Carya glabra
Shade intolerant. Abundant at south end of Forest Loop Trail. Found on dry soils with oaks.

Bitternut Hickory,  Carya cordiformis
Shade intolerant. A few in deep, rich soils on the north side of the Newing Woods.

Paper Birch (White Birch),  Betula papyrifera
Shade intolerant. Rare on campus but can be seen along outlet to wetland (formerly Lake Lieberman) east of Newing College.

Gray Birch,  Betula populifolia
Very shade intolerant. Early successional species often in clumps of small trees. Common along old road cut on south edge of CIW woods.

Sweet Birch (Cherry Birch,Black Birch),  Betula lenta
Mid shade tolerant. Common on better soils at lower elevations on campus.

Paper Birch (White Birch),  Betula papyrifera
Shade intolerant. Rare on campus but can be seen along outlet to wetland (formerly Lake Lieberman) east of Newing College.

Yellow Birch,  Betula alleghaniensis
Mid shade tolerant. Scattered in forests mainly on north-facing slopes.

American Hornbeam
(Blue  -  beech,  Musclewood,  Ironwood), Carpinus caroliniana
Very shade tolerant. Fairly common as an understory tree in richer woods, especially in the Newing woods and around the pond.

Hop Hornbeam (Ironwood),  Ostrya virginiana
Very shade tolerant. Very widespread as understory tree, especially the CIW and Newing woods.

American Beech,  Fagus grandifolia
Very shade tolerant. Common in older forests on campus but larger trees quickly dying out from disease.

American Chestnut,  Castanea dentata
Very abundant until chestnut blight eliminated all mature trees by 1920. Some small trees regenerating from roots still can be found in the oak woods above the Oak and Ridge Trails.

Red Oak,  Quercus rubra
Mid-shade tolerant. Widespread throughout campus forests. Our largest tree.

Paper Birch (White Birch),  Betula papyrifera
Shade intolerant. Rare on campus but can be seen along outlet to wetland (formerly Lake Lieberman) east of Newing College.

Black Oak,  Quercus velutina
Shade intolerant. Scattered trees in oak dominated forests.

Scarlet Oak,  Quercus coccinea
SShade intolerant. Scattered amongst other oaks. Our least common oak on campus.

White Oak ,  Quercus alba
Mid-shade tolerant. Common throughout campus forests.

Chestnut Oak (Rock Oak),  Quercus montana
Shade intolerant. Common in oak dominated forests on campus.

American Elm,  Ulmus americana
Mid shade tolerant. Dutch elm disease has killed off most of the larger trees. Present as small trees in wet locations, including wetlands.

Cucumber Tree,  Magnolia acuminata
Shade intolerant. At very northern extent of its range here. One clump off the Forest Loop Trail.

Tulip Tree (Yellow poplar),  Liriodendron tulipifera
Shade intolerant. Abundant in East Gym woods and a few scattered in CIW and Newing woods. Can be very large.

Sassafras,  Sassifras albidum
Shade intolerant. A pioneer species much more common further south. Most easily seen along the path bisecting the East Gym Woods.

Witch-hazel,  Hamamelis virginiana
Very shade tolerant. Abundant small understory tree. Our only fall flowering tree.

Serviceberry (Shadberry, Juneberry),  Amelanchler arborea
Very shade tolerant. Small understory tree, often in clumps.

Black Cherry,  Prunus serotina
Shade intolerant. Scattered through lower elevation campus woods

Fire Cherry (Pin cherry),  Prunus pensylvanica
Very shade intolerant. Small short-lived early successional tree. Most common along outer loop road.

Choke Cherry,  Prunus virginiana
Shade intolerant. Small early succession tree of forest edges. Common in Anderson Center woods.

Hawthorn,  Crataegus spp
Shade intolerant. Early successional tree on abandoned pastures. Common in shrubland along Field Trail.

Apple,  Malus sylvestris
Shade intolerant. Persisting or naturalized in former farmland.

Flowering Crabapple,  Malus sylvestris
Shade intolerant. Planted in 1970 along west end of Marsh Trail.

Pear,  Pyrus communis
Shade intolerant. Persisting or naturalized in former farmland, especially along the Field Trail.

Black Locust,  Robinia pseudoacacia
Shade intolerant. Native to northeast but not here. Escaped and naturalized trees at the edge of the CIW woods, opposite the Student Union.

Staghorn Sumac,  Rhus typhina
Very shade intolerant. A small tree occurring in clonal stands. A big clump at lower entrance to Forest Loop Trail.

Sugar Maple,  Acer saccharum
Very shade tolerant. Abundant in campus forests on sites with deep, rich soils.

Red Maple,  Acer rubrum
Mid shade tolerant. Extremely widespread and abundant in campus forests.

Striped Maple (Moosewood),  Acer pensylvanicum
Shade tolerant. Small understory tree. Especially common along Forest Loop and Oak Trails.

Basswood,  Tilia americana
Shade tolerant. Common on better soils at lower elevations on campus.

Black-gum (Black Tupelo),  Nyssa sylvatica
Mid shade tolerant. Rare on campus. A few trees in CIW woods and near lower entrance to Forest Loop Trail.

Flowering Dogwood,  Cornus florida
Formerly common on campus as understory in oak dominated forests. Now virtually exterminated by Virulent form of anthracuose.

White Ash,  Fraxinus americana
Mid shade tolerant. Widespread in campus forests.

Black Ash,  Fraxinus nigra
A swamp forest tree. Only two small trees on campus in small wetland east of Newing College.Very shade tolerant. Abundant small understory tree. Our only fall flowering tree.

Last Updated: 7/8/14