Business Affairs completes NSF Higher Education Research and Development Survey
The Business Affairs Office recently completed the National Science Foundation (NSF) Higher Education Research and Development Survey for fiscal year 2013. The NSF is authorized to collect this information under the National Science Foundation Act of 1950. The survey is referred to nationally as the primary source of information on research and development expenditures at higher education institutions in the United States and outlying areas. Binghamton University’s response to this survey is extremely important because it helps the NSF produce the most accurate statistics possible on U.S. higher education research and development (R&D) expenditures.
This complex report requires a great deal of collaborative effort and takes over 50 hours to complete. Erin Neske, director of finance in Business Affairs, completed the survey in collaboration with departments across campus including the Research Foundation, the Office of Administrative Affairs, Physical Facilities, the School of Management, Harpur College, the Watson School of Engineering and Applied Science and the College of Community and Public Affairs.
R&D is creative work conducted systematically to increase the stock of knowledge (research) and to use this stock of knowledge to devise new applications (development.) R&D covers three activities:
• Basic research, undertaken primarily to acquire new knowledge without any particular application or use in mind.
• Applied research, conducted to gain the knowledge or understanding to meet a specific, recognized need.
• Development, the systematic use of the knowledge or understanding gained from research directed toward the production of useful materials, devices, systems or methods, including the design and development of prototypes and processes.